Kathmandu is the capital along with the biggest city of Nepal which is situated in a bowl-shaped valley in the center of Nepal. Kathmandu valley comprises three ancient cities- Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur which became independent states from the 12th to 18th centuries. Kathmandu valley is rich in culture, history, tradition, practices, and has the stories of thousands of years ago. This valley is also the home of the hundreds of amazing monuments, sculptures, artistic temples, and majestic arts.
Here are the 20 Amazing facts of Kathmandu valley:
- Kathmandu is known as Kantipur which means the city of glory. The rich ancient culture and diverse religion make this city as the city of glory.
- Long years ago, geologists say that Kathmandu valley was a huge lake and surrounded by mountain ranges.
- The name Kathmandu was derived from the beautiful temple Kasthamandap, which was built in the 15th century. This temple was located in Basantapur Durbar Square and later it was destroyed by a massive earthquake in 2015.
- The Newar community is the oldest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley.
- Kathmandu valley is full of cultures and heritage sites. It has 7 UNESCO World Heritage sites.
- Freak Street is another interesting part of Kathmandu. This is named from the large number of hippies residing here in between the 1960s and 1970s smoking, cannabis and drugs.
- The greatness of Kathmandu is, it was never ruled by any foreigners and other countries. Even though this country lies in between the two biggest countries India and China, which was ruled by the British but Nepal was untouched by foreigners invasions.
- In ancient times, Kathmandu was the biggest trade center between India and Tibet. Because of such a reason, the valley was much civilized for a long time ago.
- The Pashupati (biggest Hindu Temple in Nepal) is the wonder of Kathmandu which lies in the Bank of Bagmati river and has stunning architecture. The most interesting part is, only Hindu people can enter inside the main Temple.
- Mt. Everest is 240km away from Kathmandu and is seen from Kathmandu valley.
- Kathmandu is such capital that is surrounded by National Park i.e Shivapuri National Park.
- Kathmandu is the 17th highest capital in the world. This city is standing at an elevation of 1,400m from the sea level.
- The total population of Kathmandu is about 2.5million as of the beginning of 2020.
- Kathmandu valley is surrounded by four amazing mountains: Phulchoki, Nagarjun, Shivapuri, and Chandragiri.
- Kathmandu valley was accorded the status of a World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1979.
- Thamel is the biggest tourist market in Nepal and which lies in the heart of Kathmandu. It’s the biggest business hub with numerous guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores.
- Kathmandu is originally known as Kantipur, the city that flourished during the Malla period and famous for amazing temples, buildings, and other monuments.
- Kathmandu was ruled by the Shah family (Kingdom era) of the Gorkha people from 1768 to 2008.
- Kathmandu is also called the city of temples. More than 300+ temples, monasteries, and monuments can be explored inside Kathmandu valley.
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