Bardiya National Park

The Protected Area Bardiya National Park, officially established in 1988as Royal Bardiya National park covering an area of 968km2. This is the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in Terai, Nepal. Bardiya National Park (BNP) adjoins the eastern bank of River Karnali.

Where is the park situated?

This beautiful park is situated near the southern border of the far northwest corner of Nepal. Around 968 km square make it the largest wilderness reserve on the Terai low plain low land that forms a transition between the plains of northern India and the outer foothills of the Himalayas.

With the Himalayas to the north and twisting turns of the Karnali River and its tributaries to the west and south, the location of the park provides a huge protected area of diverse habitats for a multitude of endangered species.

History of Bardiya National park

Before 1982, the land was set aside as Royal Hunting Ground. However, in 1982, the land got its name as Bardiya national Reserve until 1988 when it was officially and exclusively formed as a fully-fledged National Park and called Bardiya National park. The committee and park had aimed to preserve the diversity of decreasing species, particularly Tiger and its natural prey species.

More than 1400 people were replaced in another area for greater places and areas for those abundant species within the park. For reducing subsistence and poaching inside the park, buffer zone and community forest were established around the park with co-working with local communities.

It was focused on non-human interference inside the park and left the animals and wildlife as is it in its own wilder and eco-environment. And that worked well and what the results we have now.

Due to the relative remoteness of the location compared to Chitwan National Park, meaning it is a little unable to attract the tourist as the possibility of such. However, with time it is increasing numbers of visitors and ascending in popularity consecutively.

With time and modernization, basic facilities for tourists and travelers are in developing some high-class serving channels. And it’s the reason for the increasing number of tourists in the park. The experience for visitors to the park different as in Chitwan national park as visitors get much closer nature and wildlife with less lighted shops and street, restaurants/café and bars. Many People believe the park is now set to become one of the premier eco-tourism destinations in Asia

More about Bardiya National Park

The crest of the Siwalik Hills range- Chure Parbat Srinkhala demarcates the northern limits of the park. Nepalgunj-Surkhet highway partly forms the southern boundary and disturbs and disrupts the protected area. Natural fences and bars of the Babai River in Southeast and Geruwa- Karnali River branch at west boundaries to human settlements.

Bardiya National Park is neighboring with Banke National Park represent the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) in the Banke Bardiya region of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.

Climate, Geography, and Topography of the Area

Trio distinct climates of Bardiya National Park, providing a unique experience, always make surprising joy to everyone. October to early April, the land will be dry, days will warm and nights will little cool and pleasant. Whereas from April to June temperature will increase and get warmer, and reach up to 450 C in May/June. From there the rainy season will start till September.

Climate Zone

Elevation Range

Area (%)

Lower Tropical

below 300 meters(1,000 ft)



Upper Tropical

300 to 1,000 meters

(1,000 to 3,300 ft.)



1,000 to 2,000 meters

(3,300 to 6,600 ft.)


Flora and Fauna at the Reservation

This protected area will offer a variety of experience in its vast undisturbed and disrupted wilderness. Most of the land is covered with Sal Trees.

With the balance mixture of Grassland, Savannah and riverine forest, the park is covered with the forest around 70%. Around 839 species of flora are recorded in the park including 173 vascular plants (140 dicots, 26 monocots, 6 ferns, and 1 gymnosperm).

The park is home to endangered animals. Endangered animals such as Royal Bengal Tiger, wild Asian elephant, one-horned Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer, Black Buck, and other endangered species including Gharial Crocodile, Marsh Mugger, and Gangetic Dolphine are protected in the park. It also reserved some endangered birds such as Bengal Florican, Lesser Florican, Sarus Crane, etc. More Than 30 different Mammals, 230 species of birds, several snake species and lizard, and several fish species have been recorded inside the park. Among the resident species, the park is also seasonal home for many Migratory birds that travel to Nepal. Current checklists include 407 species of birds such as Bengal Florican, white-rumped Vulture, Peafowl, and Bar-headed Geese and are symbolic of the park. Lesser Florican, Silver-Eared Mesia and Sarus Crane have also been sighted in the park.

Bardiya National Park sounds nice, so what are the facilities in the park to enjoy?

The Head Quarter of the Park has Museum. Visitors can also enjoy Tharu Culture in the Park. The Park has set up wireless radio communication at the HQ for emergency usage. Private vehicle travelers must have to make sure that have enough fuel. Although there is Community Health Post at Thakurdwar, the Park suggests the visitors take comprehensive first aid kit including medicines for intestinal problems.

Several Lodges are surrounding the park providing well services to the visitors and tourists.

How one can get to Bardiya National Park?

From Kathmandu: Daily buses run from Kathmandu to Mahendranagar. The bus takes around 15 hours. This long greenery and heavenly route travel you through lust forests with astounding Himalayan views passing through the hills, several rivers, and bridges and along with the edge of the river. Night buses also operate. There are also daily flights to Nepalgunj from Kathmandu for around which make the journey much shorter and easier with scenic fly with astounding landscapes.

From Nepalgunj: Buses are available to Thakudwara taking 3-4 hours around.

From Mahendranagar: Daily buses run from Mahendrenagar

From India: You can travel to Bardia from India by coming via Banbassa-Mahendranagar or Rupidha- Nepalgunj border crossing points.

Highlights of Bardiya National Park

  • Crocodile Breeding Centre
  • Jungle safari with jeep drive
  • Karnali River Rafting
  • Tharu village and culture tour
  • Elephant safari
  • Jungle/Nature walk
  • Cultural Program etc.
  • Butterfly watching
  • Bird Watching

Certificate & Partners

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