Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National park is one of Nepal’s UNESCO World Heritage site and the land also contains Ramsar Site Beeshazari Lake in its Buffer Zone.

Chitwan and the National Park is rich in natural blessings in the plain lowland of Terai. Chitwan is naturally and both culturally blessed land. It is a versatile touristic place for thousands of people.

History of Chitwan National Park

Historically Forest of Chitwan was Royal Hunting ground where families and guests of Royal’s used to hunt animals and their most target was Royal Bengal Tiger, Elephants, One-Horned Rhinos, bucks and deer and many other rare animals.

In 1959, the area comprising the Tikauli forest from Rapti River to foothills of Mahabharata in the area of 175 km2 was declared as Mahindra Deer Park, after few years in 1963, the area of south Rapti River was demarcated as Rhino Sanctuary. It took another 10 years to be proclaimed as Royal Chitwan National Park with an area of 932 km2. Currently, it is known as just Chitwan National Park after people’s democracy in 2006.

As Chitwan National Park is covering unique biological resources with universal values, UNESCO designed Chitwan National Park as a World Heritage Site in 1984. It was 1996 while 750 km2 of the protected land was declared as a buffer zone along with Ramsar Site – Beeshazari Lakes.

Facilities and services in and outside the Park

There is a Museum at Kasara- The HQ of the Park has lots of things to collect information about the park and the culture. Nearby also have Bikram Baba Temple. About 1km far from HQ, there is Gharial Breeding Centre where Endangered Gharial Crocodile’s Eggs are hatched. There are also many Turtles and marsh Mugger.

The park is one fully facilitated protection area. For any information, the Visitors Center at Saurah provides fascinating information about wildlife conservation programs. There are varieties of handicrafts and other local products for gifts and souvenirs that you can buy at the Women’s user group Souvenir Shop.

Jungle Safari and nature walking provides an opportunity to get the closer view of the endangered One- Horned Rhinoceros and the lucky one may the Royal Bengal tiger. The Elephant Breeding Centre at Khorsor, Sauraha, where you can see baby elephants and domestic elephants can also enjoy elephant bath too.

Inside the park has 7 Resorts run by the park concessionaires. There are also many lodges and guest houses outside the park. You can find deluxe and luxurious hotels and Resorts around Chitwan. It is best for the family tour and the couple tour. Visiting Chitwan national park is best for those seeking a luxurious vacation. One can enjoy nature, wildlife and can experience the Tharu Culture, their foods, and beverages, etc.

Climate, Geography, and Topography of the Area

As the protected area is situated at the lower land and has a tropical monsoon climate with high humidity, generally it is a warm place.  The park has a unique range of climates and seasons each offering a unique experience to visitors.

 Through mid to last October to early April, the land is dry while days are warm and nights are little cold with cold air (Late December to first February is a little colder). After April to June Temperature rises and rich ±400c in May to June with few unusual rainfalls. Then after, the heavy rainy season starts till September. The most awesome period to visit the park is the month of October to December and late February to April with a cool and clear climate with more fantastic greenery and scenic views.

Climate Zone


Elevation Range

% of Area


Lower tropical

below 300 m (980 ft)


Upper tropical


301 to 1,000 m (988 to 3,281 ft)




1,001 to 2,000 m (3,284 to 6,562 ft)



Flora and Fauna at the Reservation

Chitwan and the National Park are characterized by Tropical and Subtropical forests, nearly 70% of the protected area is covered with mostly Sal trees- moist deciduous vegetation in Terai Region. Grassland (including elephant grass- Saccharum spp renowned for its immense height-raising up to 8 meters), Riverine Forest (Khair- Acacia Catechu, Sissoo, and Simal) and Sal with chir pine (in Churia Range) dominated the parkland.

68 species of mammals, 56 species of Herpeto Fauna and 126 species of fish are recorded in the park. The park is especially renowned for its protection of the One-Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger and Gharial Crocodile, Clouded Leopard, Sloth Bears, etc. It has both the world's largest terrestrial mammal- Wild Elephant to smallest terrestrial mammal Pygmy Shrew.

A total of 544 species of birds has been recorded including 222 globally threatened species including critically endangered Bengal Florican, Slender-Billed Vulture, White- Rumped Vulture and Red-Headed Vulture.

Survey also recorded numbers of Butterflies, Moth and Insect. King Cobra, Rock Python and other 17 species of snake, Starred tortoises and monitor lizards are found.

Narayani-Rapti River system and surrounding lakes are home for several fish species along with Mugger Crocodiles and Gharial Crocodiles.

Royal Bengal Tiger, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Gharial Crocodiles, wild Elephants, blackbucks, Deer, Clouded and other leopards, sloth bears, smooth-coated otters, Honey Badgers, striped Hyenas, wild dogs, golden jackals, fishing cats, jungle cats, leopard cats, Bengal Foxes, Spotted Linsangs, large and small Indian civets, Asian palm civets, crab-eating mongooses and yellow-throated martens, wild boars also Sambar deer, red muntjac, hog deer and herds of chital inhabit the park. Four-horned antelopes reside predominantly in the hills. Rhesus monkeys, hanuman langurs, Indian pangolins, Indian porcupines, several species of flying squirrels, black-naped hares and endangered hispid hares are also present.

Birds like Bengal pitas, several sunbird species, flycatcher including paradise flycatcher, cuckoos, Peafowl and Jungle fowl, Bar Headed Geese, Eastern Imperial Eagle, greater spotted eagle,Pallas's fish eagle, Bengal Florican, lesser adjutant Vulture,  grey- crowned prinia, swamp francolin and many other grass warblers, Oriental darter, egrets, bitterns, storks and so many others are also live in the park. The park is also a destination for several migratory birds from Siberia and other countries.

So, how to reach Chitwan National Park?

Reaching to Chitwan is one easy way. There are several ways to visit Chitwan.

By Highway: Chitwan has connected with Kathmandu and Hetauda by Mahendra Highway and Prithivi Highway. Daily Buses are run from Kathmandu and Pokhara to Chitwan. You can also hire a taxi or private vehicle or luxurious transport. Tourist bus and local bus both are run from Pokhara and Kathmandu. There is also a short way from Hetauda to Chitwan. As the location is in Mahendra Highway, from east to west Chitwan is linked and can access by anywhere.

By Air: Chitwan has a domestic airport called Bharatpur Airport where numbers of flights are on the line.

Highlights of Chitwan National Park

  • Jungle Safari
  • Jeep drive jungle Safari
  • Elephant riding and safari
  • Tharu Cultural tour
  • Butterfly Watching
  • Bird Watching
  • Crocodile Breeding Centre
  • Elephant Bathing
  • Luxury tour and accommodation
  • Tent Camping etc.

This post is supposed to help visitors searching for information about Chitwan National park. Chitwan National park is the most amazing destination for nature lovers and familiar peoples who want to explore nature and wildlife. It is a luxurious vacation and holiday in the natural environment.

Hey, remember there are certain rules and regulations of the park which every visitor must have to follow. Please visit the official site of Chitwan National park about the fees for entrance, rules, and regulation, etc.

Certificate & Partners

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