Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases that have not been previously identified. Coronaviruses are transmitted between animals and people. Coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
On February 11, 2020, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, charged with naming new viruses, named the novel coronavirus, first identified in Wuhan, China, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, shortened to SARS-CoV-2.
The recommendations to prevent spread infection include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
On Jan 13, 2020, a 32-year-old man, a Nepalese student at Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China, returned to Nepal was presented at the outpatient department of Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital, Kathmandu. He complained of respiratory problems and inflammation in the throat. He had become ill on Jan 3, 6 days before he came to Nepal. But before he was discharged, doctors at STIDH collected his throat swab and blood sample and sent it to Hong Kong for a test. On Jan 14, his temperature rose to 38·9°C (102°F) and the next day he had breathing difficulties while in the supine position, with crepitations in the right lower lung field. His fever was no longer present on Jan 16, and his clinical condition improved.
Ministry of Health and Population announced that the first case of Coronavirus was detected in Nepal on January 23. According to a press release issued by the ministry, the test of throat swab and the blood sample of a Nepali citizen sent to the WHO collaborating center, Hong Kong, prove that the suspect contracted the virus in China. With the notice from WHO, the Nepal government has established a health desk at TIA to closely monitor the disease.
Similarly, the other three, who returned from China with similar symptoms as coronavirus, are also under observation in the government hospital. As Coronavirus is spreading, the Nepal government has already announced a number of efforts to prevent its spread in Nepal. Along with Tribhuwan International Airport, Rasuwa District Administration also established a health center in Rasuwagdhi, Nepal-China border, to closely monitor the people entering from China. As China is battling to contain the deadly coronavirus in its Hubei province, as hundreds of millions of Chinese prepare to travel over the Lunar New Year, WHO has alerted Nepal about the possible risk.
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