Facts of Mt. Everest

Mt. Everest is the highest mountain on earth having  8848m (29,029feet) altitude that lies in the Mahalangur range in the Himalayas of Nepal. The Nepal-Tibet border runs across its summit. Everyone from the globe has so many queries about the secret facts of Mt. Everest. Here we tried to collect those essential and paramount of Mt. Everest. 

  1. The Mt. Everest had formed 60 million years ago.
  2. The first successful summit was made on 29th May 1953 by Tenzing Norge Sherpa (Nepal) and Sir Edmund Hillary (New Zealand) from the southern part of Nepal. 
  3. May 29 is also called Everest Day to celebrate and remember the first ascent of Mt. Everest. 
  4. The name Everest was primarily recommended by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. Later he chose the name of his predecessor in the post, George Everest, and remained Everest than to now. And initially, it was used to call Peak XV by researchers.
  5. Nepali poet, Siromani Baburam Acharya in 1956 gave the name “Sagarmatha” as a Nepali name, which means “Goddess of the Sky”.
  6. In Tibetian language, it's called “Chomolungma”, which means the ‘ Goddess mother of the world’.
  7. In the 2008 Beijing Olympic, the Olympic torch was taken to the top of Everest for the very first time in the history of the Olympics.
  8. The level of Oxygen in the summit of Everest is only 33% as compared to the sea level. 
  9. The year 1974 is regarded as a maiden year because no one tried to climb Everest. 
  10. The mountain gets taller by 4mm each year due to the upward thrust created by two opposing tectonic plates ( Indian Plate and Eurasian plate)
  11. The winds blow at a staggering rate of 200miles/hour on the top of Everest. 
  12. The temperature at the summit of Everest never rises above the freezing point. The average temperature of Mt. Everest recorded was -32F (-36C) in winter and -2F (-19C) during summer.
  13. Reinhold Andreas Messner and Peter Habeler from Italy became the first person to climb Mt. Everest without supplemental oxygen in 1978.
  14.  Babu Chiri Sherpa becomes the first person to spend maximum time at the top of Everest. He spent 21 hours on the top of Everest in 1999. 
  15. Kami Rita Sherpa holds the record for the maximum number of successful climbs for 24times.

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