Kanchenjunga Conservation Area- Exploring the Gift to the Earth

The land of the Himalayas, Nepal has many high mountains, valleys, national parks, and conservation areas filled with rich ecosystems. Kanchenjunga Conservation falls under the Sacred Himalayan Landscapes, was declared as a Gift to the Earth, as a part of the Living Planet Campaign 2000 organized by WWF’s. Kanchenjunga conservation area is the moist captivating protected area, which holds the third highest peak in the World: Mount Kanchenjunga (8,586m). Kanchenjunga Conservation Area altitude ranges from 1,200m to 8,586m. This conservation area occupies 2,035 square kilometers. 

Kanchenjunga means the Five treasure of Snow, which indicates the five peaks of Kanchenjunga massif. The five peaks of Kanchenjunga are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. The two snowy Kanchenjunga Peaks (the main:8,586m and Kangbachen:7,903m) lie in Nepal. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking is the most popular and off-beaten trekking destination that offers the most thrilling experience in Nepal. Likewise, Everest Base Camp Trek and Annapurna Trek, Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking offers an incredible lifetime experience of the mountain ecosystem and awe-inspiring views. The Kanchenjunga Himalayan Region not only holds the third-highest peaks but also offers other stunning peaks, active glaciers, rives, and moraine trails along with the rich biodiversity. 

The Kanchenjunga Base camp trek takes you to beautiful ethnic settlements of Taplejung district which offers beautiful Arun valley, long-running glacial rivers, untouched trails of exotic ecosystems. Kanchenjunga Trek is adventurous for the adventure seeker which offers the closest views of Kanchenjunga massif. 

Where is the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area? 

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area lies in the easter Nepal, Taplejung District. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area has unique adjoins Sankhuwasabha district in the west, Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim in the east, and Qomolangma National Nature Preserve, Tibet, in the North. The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation along with local people are jointly working to preserve and protect the ecosystem and biodiversity of this area. The Conservation area is with unique Himalayan ecosystems visualized as the tri-national peak park, adjoins the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve, Tibet, in the North and Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim in the east. Kanchenjunga massif has seven giant snow-capped mountains above 7,000m. 

How to get to Kanchenjunga Conservation Area and where to stay there? 

By air, fly from Kathmandu to Bhadrapur and drive to Ilam and from Ilam drive Taplejung  Bazar by bus and continue driving up to Chiruwa before starting the trek. 

By bus, drive from Kathmandu to Ilam and take a bus from Ilam to Taplejung Bazaar. And the next day drives to Chiruwa and starts hiking from there. 

Best time to Kanchenjunga Area? 

Mostly, the high mountain trekking in Nepal can be done throughout the year. But, to explore the authentic beauty of those areas, spring and autumn would be the best season for trekking and mountaineering. In the Kanchenjunga area also, you can get stunning views, a refreshing climate and a comfortable hike can get mostly in spring and autumn whereas, monsoon and winter have their own essence. With the proper safety and knowledge of weather, you can experience the beauty of monsoon and winter also. Monsoon season normally offers green views, slippery trails, partially covered snowy mountains with clouds are the most cherishing moments. Also, winter has an outstanding view of mountains and snowy hills along with the magical sunset and sunrise. 

History of Kanchenjunga Conservation Area 

The Kanchenjunga Conservation National Park was established in 1997 aiming to conserve and preserve the exotic flora, fauna along with local culture and practices.  The management council was handed over for management of Kanchenjunga Conservation Area in 2006 by the Government of Nepal. 

Highlights of Kanchenjunga Conservation Area

Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking 

Kanchenjunga Base Camp trekking is one of the top off-the-beaten trekking trails in Nepal with the aim to explore the most remote part of eastern Nepal inside the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area. Kanchenjunga trekking is a little longer as compared to other famous trekking trails, but it takes you through the beautiful eastern mountain settlements, less crowded trails, rivers, glaciers, falls, and colorful lush green alpine forests. The trekking offers you stunning views of the snowy mountains in Kanchenjunga massif, including the Kanchenjunga Main. During Kanchenjunga Trekking, you can connect your visit to Sikkim-the most beautiful tourism city in India. You can explore the rich biodiversity of Kanchenjunga Conservation Areas, rich cultures, and local lifestyles. visit. Mt. Kanchenjunga, active Glaciers, Natives of the Tibetian culture, Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, etc., are the highlights of Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking. 

Flora and Fauna

Kanchenjunga Conservation area constitutes the varieties of floral and faunal species. The varieties of birds, animals, and plant species are abundantly available in the different altitude range of this region. It occupies the coniferous forest and Himalayan Broadleaf in the Eastern Region and the Alpine Meadows of Eastern Himalayan. This area was declared as “A Gift to the Earth '' in 1997, together with Nepalese people and the Global Community. 

Over 30 species of mammals are found here, out of which Snow Leopard, Ghoral, Red Panda, Serow, and Blue Sheep, are the major attraction of this area. Around 158 bird species, 10 reptile species, and over 800 flowering plants are available in this conservation area. Deciduous maples, britches, oaks, and laurels scattered with magnolia, rhododendrons, evergreen firs, and junipers, are found in this region. More than two-thirds of red pandas in Nepal are present in this region. The conservation areas consist of more than 23 rhododendron species in the upper zone, which makes trekking trails more wonderful. 

Exploring the Mosaic of Ethnic Group in Kanchenjunga Region

Taplejung has diverse ethnic groups like Sherpa, Limbu, Rai, Gurung, Magar, Thakali, Brahmin, and Tibetan cultured people. Kanchenjunga region is rich in cultural heritage sites such as Buddhist monasteries, Chortens, Gumpas along with some Hindu temples. The higher altitude region is mainly occupied by Sherpa people, who are following Tibetan Buddhism. The entire trekking trails are covered with Buddhism correspondence such as mani walls, stone walls, prayer flags, and stupas.

The livelihood options for people living around Conservation areas are agriculture, forestry, pastoralism, and definitely trekking. The upper region becomes very cold during winter, so the transhumant herding of yak, sheep, goats, and cattle-yak crossbreeds is practicing in this region. Besides exploring the different wild animals inside the Conservation area, you can explore many domestic animals easily. The people in this region are very friendly and kind who provide warm hospitality to their guests.

Kanchenjunga Massif 

The Kanchenjunga Conservation area is named after the Third Highest peak in the world, Kanchenjunga. Undoubtedly, it offers stunning and majestic views of Kanchenjunga main and other sky-dominating peaks of Kanchenjunga Massif. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking and Kanchenjunga Conservation Area visit would be the best and precious time to see the stunning and Closest views of 7 peaks in Taplejung, above 7,000m. Not only this, but it also offers some beautiful glimpses of Mt. Everest and Mt. Makalu. 

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