Nepal is the one of the countries with the most concentration of the world heritage site. Nepal is known for its concentration of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Himalayan nation and its natural and cultural blessings are proved with this world heritage site.
These world heritage sites will provide the culture, tradition, and history of Nepal. All these heritages are different in all aspect providing a different experience. The diverse nature and diverse culture of Nepal are summarized with these world heritage sites. Diverse and wilder wildlife with a blend of traditional and historical values will make your vacations more exciting and elite.
Here are Nepal’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
1. Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square also is known as Hanuman Dhoka Square or Basanthapur Durbar Kshetra is among the seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites that lie in Kathmandu Valley. This is Nepal’s Royal Residency till 19 century and place for several royal ceremonies and King’s coronation. The royal complex filled up with amazing plazas is divided into two sub-areas- one inner another outer complex, his area is fully optimized and designed with fantastic sculpture, crafting and arts with brilliant architectural over several centuries. The entrance of the Complex starts with the statue of Lord Hanuman. In the square you find several Temples such as Taleju Mandir- the big one Temple build in Pagoda Style, Shiva-Parbati Mandir, Statue of KalVairav, Indra and Vishnu Mandir and many others wheres both Hindus and Buddhist worship for joy and happiness of all. Kumari Bahal and Durbar Kasthamandap are mainly tourist-attracting things full of skillful arts and crafting of Newar Peoples. The whole surroundings are incredible with extraordinary things mesmerizing the human senses. This is also a cultural heritage governing the traditions and cultures of different rulers and kings ruling the town who leave their marks on this valley. Museums inside the complex give the shreds of evidence of how ancient is this place and how rich in skill and culture.
2. Patan Durbar Square
The center of the Lalitpur District is another world heritage site and one of three durbar squares of the valley. It is a marvel of Newar architecture and arts. This is also a century backed complex with several temples, courtyards and palaces or plazas which gives an incredible blend for the beauties of this place. Krishna mandir which contains the extraordinary stone carving and wood crafting is one most populated temple even whole in Nepal. Other major temples such as Bhimsen Temple, Viswanath Temple, Taleju Bhawani Temple are also built with special and brilliant architecture and decorated with beautiful crafting and carvings. There are also Museums which provides proof of the centuries back historical backgrounds.
3. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Another World Heritage Site proofing the Old Bhaktapur Kingdom. This is also known as Khwopa and this complex consists of four main distinct squares- Durbar Square, Taumadhi Square, Dattatreya Square, and Pottery Square. Major attractions are Nge Nyapa Jhya Laaykoo (55 window palace), Vatsala Temple, Statue of Bhupatindra Malla, Nyatapola Temple, Bhairava Nath Temple, Lun Dhwākhā (Golden Gate), Lion's Gate, Mini Pashupati Temple and other temples such as Kedarnath Temple, Badrinath Temple, Rameshwar Temple,Gopi Nath Temple,Ugrachandi and Ugrabhairab temple, Erotic Elephants temple, Hanuman Statue. These all structures are full of old Newari Arts and Architectures. The stone carving and wood crafting of these places will shock everyone.
All three Durbar Squares have similarities in different aspects but enjoy and information given by these will not same at all. For knowing the whole Kathmandu Valley, one just has to visit these squares for getting knowledge about its culture and acknowledging the historical background of this city.
While driving towards the west of Kathmandu valley, the small hill will catch your eyes with one big temple and three big status. This is Swayambhunath temple, a shrine and sacred place for both Hindus and Buddhists is also known as The Temple of Monkey. The stupa was built in 460 but Mughal distorted it and required renovation in the 14th century. In the 17th century, it is further enhanced architectures.
Swayambhunath Temple is also a great viewpoint for looking toward the Kathmandu valley from 360 angles. This holy place is furthermore peaceful and spiritual with the park around it and flags of prayers waving with the wind.
This cultural world Heritage site is also bringing some great values of culture and tradition.
Pashupatinath, Pashupath kshetra, it is the sacred and pilgrimage temple for every Hindus. The temple of the supreme god of Hinduism, Lord Shiva, is known as the last pilgrimage for every pilgrim. Every year, Hindus from all over the world, visit the place for praying and worshiping the supreme God –Lord Shiva and many surrounding temples. It has great and ancient histories and beliefs from the starting of mankind and civilizations.
This World Heritage site is also able to catch the eyes of many national and international tourists and travelers. Values and faith of people over this holy place makes this place most visited and most appeared to place in Nepal.
At the east of the Kathmandu valley, one Tibetan Buddhist Stupa will make you stare and stare. That is Boudhanath Stupa built in the 5th century. This colossal ancient Stupa is the world’s biggest Stupa. In a stepped octagonal base, the whole Stupa is built. The round of stupa is surrounded by several Gumbas and temples. The enlightened atmosphere will more amazing with twinkling stars and Deep (Flame) on the octagon of the stupa.
Boudhanath Stupa is regarded as one of the sacred pilgrim places of Buddhist prayers. Numbers of Buddhist prayers visit this holy serene place and pray for world peace. The spiritual word and sound of monks praying and chanting mantras will spiritually relax you.
Chagu Narayan Temple is the Temple of Lord Visnu (Narayan) is temple one of four Narayana. This temple is living evidence of ancient rich arts and architecture of Nepal and Kathmandu valley. This is a masterpiece with the finest arts and architecture.
This are some of the oldest temples in Nepal built in the 4th century. This pagoda-style temple is named Chagunarayana after the married of the Bhaktapur prince and Kasmir Princess.
It is the showcase presenting ancient historical Nepal. This masterpiece is surrounded by Champak trees- special tress which leaves are used to praying Lord Narayana. The sculpture of Ten Incarnation of Lord Vishnu is in the premise of the temple. Other major temples such as Kileshwor Shiva, Chinnamasta Devi, and other gods and goddesses temple is the attraction of this place.
The temple is at the top of the hill which gives the astounding view of the Manohara River cascading through lush green vegetation.
Lumbini, the Home and birthplace of Lord Buddha-Siddhartha Gautam Buddha- Founder and prophet of Buddhism is one shrine and serene place who seek for peace of mind and soul. Lumbini is the most popular national and international destination for the number of tourists. The temple of Mayadevi, the footprint of Lord Buddha marked when he walked seven steps immediately after his birth, eternal peace flame, world peace pagoda (Lumbini Shanti Stupa), Tara Foundation, museum and many other monasteries developed and built by several countries for peace of the world are most amazing visit in the area. There is also a research center. The pillar of Ashoka is also there on the side of the Mayadevi temple which evidences the birthplace of the Lord Buddha is that place.
Numbers of Buddhist prayers visit Lumbini for praying and worshiping for world peace.
9. Chitwan National Park
Chitwan national park, with an area of 932 km square, is one of the world heritage sites. This park is listed in the UNESCO world heritage site in 1984 for its unique biological resources with universal values.
The lowland of Nepal on the foothills of Himalayas, Chitwan National Park is located in the inner Terai belt. This park is famous for the jungle safari and nature walk. This protected area is home for some rare and endangered animals, birds, butterflies, etc. One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, clouded leopard, Gharials, and rock python are some most endangered animals protected in the park. Bengal florican red head florican, lesser florican, etc are some rare birds are also recorded in the park. In short, the whole park is home to rare and endangered animals around 1000 species of animals, birds, butterflies, etc are protected in the park.
At Chitwan national park, you can enjoy jeep safari, nature walk, elephant ride and bath, canoeing, cultural program, etc are some major activities you can enjoy. Five-star accommodations at hotels and resorts, unique and variety of foods are also enjoying at the park.
Chitwan National park is the most visited park in Nepal. Both national and international tourists and visitors enjoy holidays and vacations at this park.
10. Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park is Nepal’s first natural heritage sites established in 1979. With an area of 1,148 km2, Sagarmatha/ Everest National park is the protected area providing a home to different and rare birds. This park is also identified as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International.
Himalayan Monal, Blood Pleasant, red-billed and yellow-billed chough are some rare and beautiful birds that are protected in the park. The park is also home for several animals such as Musk Deer, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Red Panda, Himalayan Thars, Langur Monkeys, Martens, and Himalayan wolves, etc.
With some amazing glaciers, mountains, high peaks, hills, Snow Rivers and ponds, etc, this park is the most epic destination for trekking and hill climbing.
Landscapes with blue pine, silver fir, rhododendrons, birch, etc have glorified the beauty of the park. This protected park is home to Himalayan natural resources.
This article is not enough to completely describe Nepal and its Phenomena. The nation with most world heritage sites is always special for every visitor no matter how much time you visited Nepal, it is always new and unique. The whole Life is short to explore Nepal and its beauties. There is a statement that “Heaven is a Myth, Nepal is real”.Nepal visiting and tours are always something special with several things to do and activities. Easy to tough rafting, bungee jump, paragliding, canoeing, jungle safari, ultra-light flight, trekking, hiking and excursions, mountain climbing and some other mountaineering activities, mountain bike riding, and many more things are there to celebrate your holidays and vacation I Nepal.
The government of Nepal is also enforcing and developing several laws and programs with a campaign to develop tourism in Nepal and making more secure travel. Recently Nepal government has the #Visit Nepal 2020 program to develop tourism in Nepal.
Here in Nepal every time and everywhere you will be amazed and mesmerized with astounding views and a glimpse of landscapes and hills with white smiling giant hills. Nepal's visit is always unique.