Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National park is the most wondering park which holds the top of the world, Mt. Everest of 8,848m height and is also the only national park which is situated at the highest altitude of 2,800m in the world. It covers 443 square miles (1148 sq. km) (114,800 hectares) with the unique combination of forests, barren land and snow-capped peaks which has become a protected home for a variety of animals in the region. This is the national park that was established in 1976 and listed in the world heritage site in 1979 and it is attracting a lot of visitors in the present day 30,000 annually.
Where is the park situated?
Sagarmatha National park is the National park situated in the Himalayan region of northeast Nepal in the Solukhumbu district. It also lies adjacent to the Makalu Barun National Park from the east. It even shares the international border with Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet.
Being covered with the beautiful mountains around in the south it even extends to the Dudh Koshi River. The park boasts of the variety of wildlife and more than 118 species of birds are living there making a habitat in the dense forest of different species of trees and plants over there.
History of Sagarmatha National park
Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976 and by 1979 it became the first national park in the country that inscribed as a Natural World Heritage site by UNESCO. By January 2002 a buffer zone was added to the national park of 275km2 which aim for the conservation of forests, wildlife of the park and the cultural resources with all the natural resources over there and also the development of the alternative energy by conserving the resources of the national park.
The tourism sector was allowed in the national park in the early 1960 and tourist stats to flow to explore the beauty of National park. Namche Bazaar is the center for the visitor of the park which is located at the top of the hill where the Nepal Army is stationed for the protection of the national park, wildlife, natural resources and all around the park.
By 2003, the number of tourists starts to make a visit to the Sagarmatha National Park. By that time more than 19,000 tourists arrive there to explore the presence of wildlife, landscape, mountains and the lifestyle of the local people living there as Sherpa community makes their seasonal settlement over there from 2005 along the main tourist trails.
Since 1953 the number of visitors has increased dramatically from 1400 in 1972-3 to more than 20,000 in 2004.
More about Sagarmatha National Park
Bhote Koshi, Dudh Koshi, Imja Khola are the major rivers that flow through the park, under the crest of the mountains touching the Tibetan border and also through the settlement area, Namche Bazaar. People living there follow Buddhism and also following the Tibetan culture being very close to it and it is also believed that the people living there were from Tibet and following the same trend till now. The conservation-oriented Sherpa culture is the backbone for the conservation of the biodiversity in the park region. Actually, the whole area is protected by its own, based on its structure, landscape, its formation. It means it is naturally protected.
Flora and Fauna
Actually, flora and fauna are the pride of all the national park and the park is the home of all the plants and animals where they are safely protected. Here the forest of this Everest park provides habitat to more than 118 species of birds, including Himalayan monal, Blood Pheasant, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon and many more. There is also a wide range of wild species that are spotted inside the park which include Himalayan Thar, Musk deer, Ghoral, snow leopards, wolves, lynx, weasels, red panda, Himalayan black bear, langur monkeys, martens, Himalayan wolves and more than that such as, Jackals, wolves, lynx, leopards are the common mammals available there.
This park varies an altitude from 2,845 to 8,848. So according to the different altitudes here are distinct variations in vegetation type. In the lower region, the forest is covered by rhododendrons, blue pine, fir, juniper, birch, hemlock, bamboo, etc. Whereas in higher altitude the areas seem to be dominated by dwarf shrubs, mosses, lichens, etc. here you can find the beautiful national flower Rhododendron in April and May up to September.
How to get to Sagarmatha National Park and where to stay there?
Actually, it is really difficult to reach the Sagarmatha National Park as it is situated in a very remote area. Even the Solukhumbu region has no facilities of the good road so that, the flight is the common transportation medium to get there. The flight to Lukla from Kathmandu of 25 minutes is the first phase we face and then two days of the trek on the second phase from Lukla to reach the Everest Park.
Around the region, there is a lot of option that you can choose for the quality accommodation, ranging from hotels, resort, lodge, tea house, camping and many more choice that you can make. You can get good facilities along the many trekking routes such as Lobuche, Namche Bazaar, Pheriche and Thyangboche.
The moments you should never miss:
The whole human settled places around the region of Sagarmatha National park are covered by the Buddhist Sherpas who were originally from the Tibetan region, and they are living here continuously for the last four centuries. Most importantly you should not miss observing their culture and religion they are following from centuries. You can observe the Sherpa culture clearly through the various monasteries along there. Mani walls and the prayers flags are a clear example all over the region that you can observe and that has become the identity of the whole region.
Even you should not miss the different variety of foods they cook along with the local drinks. You will also be knowing and learning their unique language they speak and also their lifestyle, the way how the mountain people use to live their daily life in such places.
Here the climate at this beautiful region of the stunning park varies between semi-arid subtropical to temperate to the artic with also the medium to heavy annual rainfall. Here the summer season seems to be moderate whereas winter in winter the days seem to be extremely cold where the temperature drops below the freezing point throughout the region.
Things To Do In Sagarmatha National Park
2. Camping at Gokyo Lake
3. Mount Everest view from Kala Patthar
4. River view
5. Visit the highest point Monastery MT. Taboche
7. Cultural visit and meet the peoples
8. Observing the beautiful landscape
9. Birds, animals, plants watch
10. Relax, etc..