The Complete Guide For Everest Base Camp Trek

Nepal is the home of the high mountains including Mt. Everest- the highest peak of the world and other seven out of fourteen eight-thousanders in the world. The numerous natural landscape, rich culture along with thousands of snow-capped sky dominating giant mountains are the major attractions and highlights of trekking in Nepal.

Everest Base Camp(EBC) trek is one of the most fascinating and popular trekking trails in the world. Thousands of trekkers across the globe travel every year to taste the untouched and virgin beauty of the Everest region. EBC trekking is the mixture of the real taste of nature, home of thousands of sherpa and their culture, festivals, tradition including Tibetian Buddhism, the hub of endangered/rare flora and fauna, and home of the world's highest mountain. Largely covered active mountain glaciers, numerous glacier rivers, alpine forest, and breathtaking mountain viewpoint, nothing could have been more stunning than this.

This 15 days EBC trek offers you many adventures, thrilling, happiness satisfaction along with the tiredness, sickness, and sometimes you might feel giving up from the trekking. Your trek starts with the 35min thrilling flight to one of the world’s most extreme airports- Lukla Airport. The first night will stay at a small village Phakding which lies on the bank of Dudhkoshi river. The greenery, sounds of yak, donkeys, dzho, and trekkers makes your second day fabulous. After crossing a few luxury suspension bridges, which will take you to the Sherpa capital and the fanciest town in Everest Region. Namche bazaar leads you to the oldest and biggest monastery in the Khumbu region - the Tengboche monastery. This monastery adds spirituality in your trekking and takes a warm blessing from Lama Rimpoche. On the way, there is the correspondence of Tibetian Buddhism which can be clearly seen in the mani wall, stone wall, prayer flags, small stupas, and Chortens. On the way, you will get an opportunity to explore Pangboche, Dingboche village which lies in the lap of the most iconic mountain Ama Dablam. The more you ascend up, the oxygen level in the air gets decreased and more liquid is required to trek normally. Before reaching Labuche, you can encounter Sherpa memorial in Thukla pass. Gorakshep will be your last camp to stay and a few hrs hike from there will take you to the base of the world’s highest mountain. The majestic view of sky dominating mountains like Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, Nuptse, Pumori, and most iconic Ama Dablam can easily be observed from the Kalapatthar summit. It also provides the 360-degree panoramic view of mountains, Khumbu glacier, and stunning landscape. Sometimes you can also encounter the rare wild animals which are normally found in mountain climates and environments.

Trekking Summary:

  • Trip days: 15 days 
  • Trekking Grade: Moderate to Arduous 
  • Max altitude: 5,545m Kala Patthar 
  • Best season: Spring (Feb-May)/ Autumn (Sept-Dec)
  • Food & Accommodation: Twin-sharing/Bed and Breakfast in standard hotel or guesthouse (There is also the option of Luxury accommodation with BLD Plan)
  • Flight & Transportation: KTM-Lukla-KTM Flight or Kathmandu- Manthali- Kathmandu Drive + Manthali-Lukla-Manthali flight
  • Permit & Entrance: Rural municipality entry fees & National Park Entry fees
  • Electricity & Internet: Available

Trip Highlights:

  • Tenzing-Hillary Airport: world’s most extreme airport 
  • Sagarmatha National Park: UNESCO world heritage site listed for its natural importance
  • Namche Bazaar- Sherpa capital and most fancy and popular town in Khumbu
  • Tengboche monastery: The biggest and most popular monastery in the entire Khumbu region
  • Kalapatthar 360-degree panoramic view of snow-capped mountains 
  • Hub of endangered flora & fauna

For full information about the highlights of Everest Base Camp trek, check this blog: Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trekking

Here, we have collected some major things, which we should know before heading to the Everest region. The complete guide for the Everest Base camp and Gokyo lake treks are:

Food & Accommodation: 

Normally guesthouses and lodges provide comfortable accommodations services and quality foods. As per your budget, you can select the fancy and normal foods and accommodations in the Everest region. Once you start your trekking journey, the food and accommodations options will be less, and the more you ascend up, the facilities and varieties become limited.

During trekking, meals will be served as per the lodges and guesthouses menu. In major places like Namche and Lukla, you can get almost all the varieties of local foods, continental and international taste. Except for a few days, you can get espresso coffee, french bakeries as well. Both veg and non-veg meals are easily available around the trip. In Buddhism, sacrificing animals is prohibited so they bring meat from nearby cities or from Kathmandu through the plane.

Normally breakfast includes eggs items, toast items, pancakes, oats, porridge, muesli, and tea/coffee. Good breakfast fuels up your body for the whole day trek. 

Lunch camps are easily available on the way and they serve noodle items, dumplings, traditional Nepal meal set, pasta, pizza, sandwich, spaghetti, and Thukpa soup. trekkers usually take lunch between 12 pm to 1 pm. 

During dinner, there is the availability of soup items, vegetable items, salad, Sherpa stew, and hot items especially, which helps to keep your body warm and hydrated as well. Some people take a beer at lower altitudes as well.

Accommodations in Everest regions are normal and there are enough lodges and guesthouses on the way. But, during the prime trekking season, if you are solo trekking, sometimes it might be harder to get the rooms because most travel agencies already booked the hotel.

The rooms are mostly twin-sharing and cheaper in cost ( normally 6-9$) per night in a normal guesthouse and lodges. If you want to experience the luxury and fancy accommodations, the options are mostly available in Namche and Lukla. Normal guest houses and lodges have large sharing dining and in the middle, there is always a typical heater to make the room warm. So, you can take dinner and chat with other trekkers as well as you can play pokers as well.

The Internet and electricity facilities are normally available almost all day. Laundry services are available in Lukla, Namche, and Phakding only. The hot shower is available in all the lodges but you need to pay extra ( 5-7$) for it. ATM service is also available in Namche. You can buy trekking gear and other normal stuff in Namche and Lukla. Drinking water is available in all the lodges and guesthouses.

As the altitude gets higher, the price of the menu also gets limited and expensive.

Flight & Transportation:

The easiest way to start trekking is to fly from Kathmandu to Lukla Airport. You can directly book your flight from the airline company if you are doing a solo trip. If you come through the local travel agency, they will manage your flights. Because of the fluctuating weather, most flights are done during morning time. Normally, airlines allow you 10ks of free baggage as well. Normally, the flight for KTM-Lukla-KTM costs around 320$-350$.

An alternative option of flight is, you can drive 8-9hrs in the bus from Kathmandu to Jiri and additional 5-6 days will be required to reach Lukla village. Drive costs around 12$-15$.

Also Read: Facts about Tenzing Hillary Airport (Lukla Airport Most Dangerous Airport)

Permit & Entrance Fee:

If you are traveling through the local travel agency, they will get all the necessary permits and access to trekking in the Everest region. But, for solo travelers, once you land in Lukla, you will find your first entrance of Rural municipality and secondary day you will find the Sagarmatha National Park entrance.

In the case of the permit fee, local municipalities can charge 17$ (Rs 2,000) per person and Sagarmatha National Park charge 26$ (Rs 3,000) per person for the international tourist except for SAARC countries. Before starting your entire trek, it's important to gather all the necessary permits.

Read the blog: Everest Trekking Permit

Trekking Grade:

The entire 15 days trek is diverse in itself with nearly 130km (merely 80miles)of total walking distance is not easy at all. You will start your trekking from Lukla 2,840m to maximum climb up to 5,545m Kalapatthar summit. 

The average hiking time is normally 5-8hrs/day and each day and daily average hiking distance is 10km along with 500m altitude gain each day. With the increase of altitude, the days and distance become shorter. 

The entire trail is well maintained and easily located and navigated. For normal EBC and trek, no need for extra climbing and mountaineering skills. The whole trekking is considered as moderate to arduous.

Best time to trek in Everest region:

Nepal has six seasons: Spring, Summer, Monsoon, Autumn, Late Autumn or pre-winter, and Winter. Among all this season Spring (March-May) & Autumn(Sept-Nov) are the most suitable seasons for the Everest Region trekking. Autumn & Spring season is the best season for the Everest Region trek because the weather conditions are much suitable for trekking. The sky is usually clean and clear and the views of the mountains are so visible. Summer and winter are not the ideal time for trekking but at your own risk, you can travel anytime all around the year. 

During monsoon, the trail is normally wet, muddy, slippery and a difficult pathway with the constant rainfall. The views of mountains and landscapes are less fair as compared to autumn and spring. But if you try to trek during monsoon, then it's full of glory, gloomy, mischievous sky, different shapes of clouds on big mountains, green forest, rivers, and many waterfalls on the way. This trekking could be the new and adventurous experience for the trekkers. The crowd becomes fewer and hotels and lodges are easily available as well.

Also Read: The Best Trekking Season in Nepal: Best Time to Enter The Himalayan Land

Guides & Porters:

Trekking in the Everest regions is not easy at all. But with the help of experienced team members, proper food and drinks, rest and acclimatization can take you to the world’s most famous trekking route. If you are booking your trip through the local travel agency, then they will arrange guides and porters for you. Guides provide you the information on the whole trek, safety measures, arrange your food and accommodations and make sure your permits and all the flight tickets. Porter helps you to carry your luggage normally. 

Guides are normally trained and well experienced with good speaking English. You can check before you depart to Lukla. Normally, if you are booking a trip through the local agency, you get a chance to meet your guide in Kathmandu and he/she will start guiding from day one.

One thing you need to keep in mind is that, at the end of the trekking, the guide and porter expect good tips from you. These people are hardworking and they put all the efforts to take you and your staff to your dream destinations in an extreme mountain environment.

Travel Insurance:

When we are traveling in highly adventurous and risky places, we don't think much about what's wrong might happen to us. Trekking and hiking at high altitude in very remote mountain regions can definitely bring real risks. So, insurance is very important on any high mountain treks and hikes. Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is common for everyone and especially the Everest region is still not in touch with road transportation. So, any kind of serious illness and difficulties can be rescued through a helicopter.

Every insurance company doesn't provide high altitude insurance security. So, make sure if you ate trekking in the Everest region then you must have insurance that covers up to 6,000m altitude, which includes Base Camp and Kalapatthar.

Altitude sickness & measures:

Acute sickness is not a regular condition if it occurs when the body is not able to adjust at high altitudes. So, sickness varies from person to person in terms of age, health, and physical fitness. Normally, Everest region trekking offers an illness in most of the common trekkers which are also called Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). If the symptoms of the illness are not taken care of properly, the condition can even turn dangerous.

Common symptoms of AMS:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  •  Tiredness and dizziness 
  • Difficulty in sleeping 
  • Increase heart rate and shortness of breath

Prevention:

  • Keep your body hydrated, take more than 4L of water per day 
  • Take plenty of rest after a daily hike 
  • Take enough food during trekking 
  • Wear enough and keep your body warm 
  • Descend to lower altitude when you feel symptoms 
  • Ascend slowly and acclimate your body as per the requirement.

There are few medicines like Diamox that help to prevent sickness. But, remember one thing, before taking any drugs related to AMS consult with related doctors or medical experts. 

For more tips about the Acute Mountain Sickness, check our blog: High Altitude Sickness Prevention Tips

Before trekking preparation:

Everest Region trekking is not that easy for those beginners. You need some practice, some discipline, early preparation, and best guidance to be able to take you to these amazing trekking destinations successfully. But, this doesn't mean you have to be a professional trekker. Anyone can go in this trekking but good health, physical fitness, and self-motivation are indeed required. There are few things that you can do as naive trekkers before the commencement of the trek: 

  • Do some short hikes and walk around 6-8hr a day in both uphill and downhill. 
  • If you don't have a habit of doing exercise, restart that habit at least a month before the trek.
  • Running, Summing, Cycling, and some other cardio exercises can boost your stamina. Which helps you during your trekking.
  • Try some Yoga steps which directly help in your respiration and drink more water and keep your body hydrated even before the trek.

Another important and essential thing is your trekking equipment and gears. Basically, proper equipment includes a sleeping bag, a pair of high mountain trekking boots, poles, a duffle bag, essential warm and hiking comfortable clothes, warm socks, gloves, sunglasses, sunscreen, and so on. Another major thing that we should keep in mind is, comfortable and warm but light things are best for high mountain trekking. Make sure all the necessary papers, documents, ideas of restricted non-restricted things are in that zone.

Related Blog: Training for Everest Base Camp Trek

Normal Itinerary:

Normally our trekking journey starts with a flight to Lukla from Kathmandu which takes around 35min. After this short dramatic and thrilling flight to one of the most dangerous airports in the world, we will start our hike from day one. After this, the landscape, terrain, people, culture, and everything looks so different from Kathmandu. Prayer flags, stone wall, mani wall, monasteries, small houses, bushes, yak, cow, donkeys, and Dzho are the major attractions during hiking. Including sky-touching mountains, fancy and classy markets, thousands of trekkers on the way make your trekking more awesome.

Here is the general itinerary for the Everest Base Camp trek: 

  • Kathmandu to Lukla 35min flight - Phakding 3hr hike.
  • Phakding to Namche 6hr hike 
  • Acclimatization in Namche and explore Everest View Point 
  • Namche to Tengboche - 6hr hike 
  • Tengboche to Dingboche - 4hr hike 
  • Acclimatization in Dingboche
  • Dingboche to Lobuche - 6hr hike 
  • Lobuche to Gorak Shep and trek to Everest Base Camp- 7hr
  • Gorak Shep to Kalapatthar and hike to Pheriche - 7hr hike 
  • Pheriche to Namche - 7hr hike 
  • Namche to Lukla - 7hr hike 
  • Lukla to Kathmandu - 35min flight 

For Full day by day Itinerary Check out the Everest Base camp Trek packages: 

:- Everest Base Camp Trek, 14 Days

:- Everest Base Camp Trek, 15 Days

We expect that you like this complete guide to the Everest Base camp trek. The most famous trekking trail in the world is always ready to welcome you. We are looking forward to hearing your queries and welcome you to this beautiful country of Himalayas.

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