Gokyo- Everest Base Camp trek is the second most popular trekking route in Everest Region. Trekking to Everest Base camp through Gokyo Valley trekking is an awesome experience for everyone who desires more to explore the Khumbu Region and Everest Region.
Gokyo valley, on the west side of Mount Everest, is the source of River Dudh Pokhari which after Join the River Sapta Koshi. The Lake called Gokyo Lake or Dudh Pokhari(Milk pond) is probably a source of pure and fresh water at the highest elevation on earth.
Everest Base Camp Trek through Gokyo gives trekkers the grand trip of the amazing Khumbu Valley. This trip leads you to the gorgeous Gokyo valley and takes to Everest Base Camp through the highest pass, Cho La Pass.
We start the trip with sightseeing at Kathmandu valley and preplanning there. The next day we take a flight to Lukla from where we start to follow the path leading to your destination. From Lukla, we walk for Namche Bazaar passing through Phakding. After Namche Bazaar we continue to walk passing through Phorste Thanga and Machherma and reach to Gokyo. From Gokyo, we trek to Gokyo Ri and back again. The next day we reach Thanga then Dzongla by crossing Chola Pass. We continue for Gorekshep through Lobuche and visit Everest Base Camp. After visiting base camp our next step is to reach Pheriche via Kala Patthar for a panoramic view of the north part of almighty Mount Everest and reach to Namche Bazaar back to Lukla and fly back to Kathmandu where our journey will complete.
This trip provides us the spectacular views of the giant mountains and peaks of the Himalayan. With the breathtaking vistas of Mt. Cho Oyu, Mt. Makalu, Mt. Lhotse and Mt. Everest, the picture-perfect scene and the scenario make more refreshing and relaxing for your tired body. Descending from the base camp we visit several mountain villages, cultural and traditional Sherpa Community, Buddhist Monasteries in Tibetan architecture and more.
Gokyo trek is more awesome and unbelievable with beauty and variety of flora and fauna. The route passes through the Sagarmatha National Park, one of the World Heritage Site in the Everest region. With several waterfalls, fast flooding snow-rivers crossing with suspension bridges and rocky and rough trails with ups and downs makes your trip more memorable and unforgettable.
We serve B&B Plan, including welcome and farewell dinner, in Kathmandu. During trekking, all standard meals are provided on standard tea house or guest house. For accommodation facility, we provide a 4-star category hotel in Kathmandu and standard guest house during trekking. If you are looking for other similar Gokyo Everest Base Camp Trek, we also offer Luxury Everest Base Camp Trek, Luxury short Everest Base Camp Trek with Helicopter flight from Base Camp to Lukla, Luxury Everest Base Camp Trek with Helicopter flight from Base Camp to Lukla, Luxury Holidays Treks, Luxury Holidays in Nepal with Everest Helicopter tour, and Luxury Trekking in Nepal.
After arriving in Kathmandu, a representative from Luxury Holidays Nepal will pick up from the airport and take to your hotel. In the afternoon, you may take a rest or visit Luxury Holidays Nepal’s office. At evening, we host a pre-trip meeting at your hotel in Kathmandu and introduce your tour and trekking guide. Please seek this opportunity to ask questions about your trip. This includes a final briefing and preparations for the trip. For the meeting, please make sure you bring your passport, two copies of passport-size photos, and a readable copy of your travel insurance policy. During the meeting, please clear the due balance, if any. Please inform us in advance if you will be arriving late and therefore are unable to attend the pre-trip meeting. After the pre-trip meeting, there will be a welcome dinner hosted by Luxury Holidays Nepal. For dinner, you will be served authentic Nepalese cuisine, which will introduce you to the country’s food culture. Overnight in Kathmandu.
After breakfast, your sightseeing trip will start. You will have a private vehicle and a professional tour guide for your sightseeing tour. You will visit the following sites.
Swyambunath Stupa - The Monkey Temple (World Heritage Site):
You can watch over the valley from the top of a hillock on its western side. Swyambhu is also known as Samhengu and the Monkey temple because of the countless monkeys living in the premises.
Pashupatinath Temple (World Heritage Site):
Pashupatinath Temple is one of the holiest Hindu temples of Nepal. It is located on the banks of Bagmati River on the eastern outskirts of Kathmandu. Pashupatinath is the most important temple dedicated to god Shiva.
Boudhanath Stupa is 2500 years old Buddhist stupa in the Valley built in the 5th century with four pairs of eyes of Lord Buddha in four cardinal directions keeping an eternal watch over the people and their doings. You will find Buddhist pilgrims from Tibet going round the stupa spinning the prayer wheels.
Patan Durbar Square (World Heritage Site):
Patan Durbar Square - located in central of city Lalitpur. It displays the Newari architecture that had reached its pinnacle during the reign of Malla kings who were great builders and patrons of the arts.
The rest of your time is free for further exploration and some shopping nearby your hotel. Overnight at Hotel.
During the 30-minute flight from Kathmandu to Lukla (9,186ft), you will enjoy one of the most beautiful air routes in the world culminating on a hillside surrounded by high mountainous peaks. At Lukla, a gateway destination from where your trek begins, you meet your other trekking crew members and begin packing and arranging with them. From Lukla, you start trekking. At one hour’s gradual descent, you will be at a Cheplung village from where you have a glimpse of Mt. Khumbila (18900 ft), a sacred mountain which has never been climbed. From Cheplung, you then gradually descend until you reach Phakding and spend the night. Ovenight at Phakding.
Walking through a beautiful pine forest, you follow the trail north up the valley of Benkar. Then, you cross the Dudh Koshi River and go on passing Chumoa to Monjo, the entrance to Everest National Park. Then crossing a suspension bridge, you pass Jorsale village and walk alongside of the Dudh Koshi and Bhote Koshi rivers. A steep ascent brings you to the prime heartland of Sherpa village - Namche Bazaar. At one hour’s distance to reaching Namche Bazaar, if the weather permits, you can view the sights of Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse. Overnight in Namche Bazaar.
There are plenty of things to do around Namche Bazaar, and you can spend a day here acclimatizing. Namche Bazaar is the main center of the Khumbu region and has government offices, ATMs, Internet cafes, shops, restaurants, and a colorful market. Your guides can take to explore the real charm of Namche Bazaar. Hiking to Sagarmatha National Park rewards trekkers with a sunrise view and the views of Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kongde and so on. If you are interested in a day hike, you trek to Khumjung village (12401 ft)-a beautiful village with a Sherpa settlement. In exploring Namche Bazaar, you observe traditional Sherpa life, Khumjung Hillary School and enjoy the flora and fauna found at such altitude.
The trail climbs steeply out of the valley through rhododendron forest, juniper and large conifers start to appear as the elevation increases making the trekking very pristine in spring. The trail passes through Yak Kharkas and summer settlements. The views of Khumbi La and Tawache are magnificent throughout the day. Overnight at Phorste Thanga.
Climb a ridge for an excellent view both down the valley to Kengtega and up towards Cho Oyu and descend to a river and again climbs steep to the terminal moraine of the Ngozumpa glacier. You will reach Machherma by early noon. Overnight at Machherma.
The trek takes you at one of your main destinations, Gokyo (4,790 m). You will have a sightseeing and hiking trip around Gokyo.
Early in the morning, have a steep climb up to the top of Gokyo Ri at an elevation of 5,483 m. There are ample rewards for those who attempt this trip – you get stunning views of the super Gokyo valley, the massive Ngozumpa glacier and an incredible panoramic view of the whole Khumbu Himalayas, including the giants Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Makalu, Cho-Oyu and Gychung Kang. Overnight at Gokyo.
Trek to the foot of Cho La pass. Accommodation in Thangna will be very basic and in a dormitory-based room because of its remoteness.
Start walking before sunrise at 4:00 or 5:00 am so as to reach the pass by 9:00 am – 10:00 am and dodge bad weather conditions of the noontime. Crossover at an altitude of 5,300 m where you could be exposed to strong winds if you crossing too late. Start to climb steeply the trail that is regularly used and easy to follow. However, the problem may arise due to the altitude and snow. It often causes terrible problems to cross the pass if it is covered by snow. As you reach the top, you are rewarded by the magnificent views, then descend to the Dzongla at noon. Accommodation in Dzongla will be very basic and in a dormitory-style room because of its remoteness.
You start the day with a gradual climb to Dzongla at the end of the terminal moraine of the Khumbu. From here, you climb up a steep trail to Chupki Lhara, where you find an array of stones with prayer flags used as memorials to Scott Fischer (American mountaineer) and 10-time Everest submitter Babu Chiri Sherpa (Nepali mountain guide) who perished on a mission to climb Everest. Next, you continue to the Khumbu moraine and find ourselves facing several great peaks - Khumbutse, Lingtren, Pumori and Mahalangur Himal. The trail then eases off as you follow the valley to Lobuche. Overnight in Lobuche.
You take the trail to Everest Base Camp through the once vast Gorak Shep Lake. Continuing straight ahead, you come across the Indian army mountaineers' memorials. The path from here can be misleading; hence, it is important that you follow your lead Sherpa diligently. The walk is strenuous due to the thin air in the high altitude. You pass through rocky dunes, moraine and streams before reaching the Everest Base Camp. Upon reaching the Everest Base Camp, you see the tents of mountaineers that stand out in bright colors against the monotony of gray surroundings (especially in the spring). Nuptse, Khumbuste and Pumori are the mountains you can view from the base camp. You get back to Gorak Shep for a good night's rest. Overnight in Gorak Shep.
You prepare for an early morning departure, amid pre-dawn darkness and cold temperatures (-10 to -14 C). Plus, there is always the potential for chilly winds which are quite common. Familiar peaks such as Lingtren, Khumbutse, and Changtse tower to the east even as Everest begins to reveal itself. But, it is upon reaching Kala Patthar that you get to see 360 degree up-close and formidable views of Mt. Everest. You take pictures, enjoy the magnificent mountain panorama, and then return back to Lobuche for a good night's rest. Overnight in Lobuche.
As you trek down through the hillside blanketed by rhododendron and juniper trees. After crossing the prayer-flag festooned bridge over the Dudh Koshi River, your trail follows the Dudh Koshi gorge descending rapidly through pine forests. In the forest, you may come across colorful pheasants and mountain goats. The path eventually reaches Sansa from where you can enjoy views of Ama Dablam, Thamserku and Nuptse mountains. You also pass winding trails, then through a forest before reaching.
The trail descends steeply downward so you need to walk cautiously as your shaky legs continuously battle the rocky terrain. After crossing the suspension bridges over the fast flowing Dudh Koshi and its tributaries, the trail becomes more level and natural. After your arrival in Lukla, you stretch those sore legs and recall the experiences of the last couple of weeks. Overnight in Lukla.
You catch an early morning flight to Kathmandu after your long mountain journey. After reaching Kathmandu, you can take a rest or do some souvenir shopping. If you want to explore any other areas of Kathmandu, you may do that day. Your guides can help you with both souvenir shopping.
This will be a spare day in Kathmandu after the tiring trekking program. You have the option to extend your trip to continue on to the Chitwan jungle safari, rafting adventure, Kathmandu valley shopping tour, and scenic Everest flight, mountain biking and other activities. In the evening you will have a farewell dinner in a traditional Nepalese restaurant with cultural performances. Your guide(s) and an office staff will accompany you. Overnight at Kathmandu.
After a few days of fun and excitement, the day to bid farewell has arrived. Our representatives will escort you to the Tribhuwan International Airport as per your flight time.
After the wonderful opportunity to organize this tour for you we wish you a safe and happy journey ahead.
Trip to Nagarkot , Pokhara and Kathmandu was one of the finest tour in Nepal I ever had. Facilities provided by the Luxury Holidays Nepal was perfect for my entire family. Guide with the perfect English and kind heart and porter with the friendly nature had always been kind to us in the entire trip. Accommodation, food and trekking plan had always been suitable for us.
I would like to thanks the whole team of LHN and I would like to suggest everyone to be involved with LHN if you want to visit Nepal. They were really good and I believe you people wont be disheartenedPublished: Monday, August 26, 2019
Last month I had trekked in Gokyo Everest Base Camp. It was so amazing entering the Everest region. I found it extreme, thrilling and strenuous. Luxury Holidays provided me one professional Guide Mr. Larkpa Sherpa. He is so impressive, professional and talented. I found luxury holidays as one of the best trekking agencies. They are locale and have a passionate team. Their working style, operation, and arrangements all are so good. They are a team of professionals and young guys.
I would suggest everyone book their trip with a local organization like Luxury Holidays Nepal Private Limited. Thanks a lot, LHN for such a wonderful trip.Published: Friday, August 16, 2019
I would like to say thank you, thanks a lot luxury holidays Nepal for such an amazing trek. I appreciate all your effort and job. You arranged my trekking wonderful. Hotels, foods, guides and porters transport all was so nice. your trip management was so impressive. I hope we will meet soon.
I recommend the luxury Holidays Nepal for those searching for a local trekking agency in Nepal. They will definitely make your trek amazing.Published: Friday, August 16, 2019
Last November, I and my friend had trekking of the Gokyo Everest base camp. As my one friend’s suggestion, we booked with Luxury Holidays. I am the happiest person in the world that I completed trekking in the everest region. The views from Gokyo Ri was so nice. the whole surroundings have stored in my mind.
Luxury Holidays Nepal did a great job. In fact, their trip management is more than our expectation. They provided pro guide and luxurious car for Kathmandu exploration, pro Sherpa guide and strong porter in trekking all was so nice.
Luxury accommodation delicious foods, all was so good. So thank you luxury holidays Nepal for such a wonderful trip. I recommend this locally operating organization to everyone. Thank you!Published: Wednesday, August 14, 2019
I will never forget the last October. That month is my lifetime memory. Me and my wife had Everest base camp trek with Gokyo. It was so wonderful. Every things were so fine. Mr. Pasang larkpa was our guide. He is local of everest. I am so glad that I had everest trek with the support of Local guide.
Not only the Guide entire trip was so nice with the arrangement of Luxury holiday. They arranged that perfectly. Thanks luxury holidays nepal for making our trip with help of locale. I recommend everyone to go through luxury holiday Nepal pvt ltd.Published: Monday, August 5, 2019
It was my dream to trek in Everest that why last month I did trekking in Everest. I made Everest trekking with the gokyo valley. The whole trekking was amazing. Extreme trails and thrilling adventure, that trek made my best moment of a lifetime.
Luxury Holidays Nepal did such a wonderful arrangement. Guides and porter were very good. Hotels, accommodations, foods all were so nice. Thank you Luxury Holidays Nepal for such a wondering trekking experience. It’s my pleasure to trip you with you. I recommend luxury holidays Nepal to everyone.Published: Thursday, August 1, 2019
We enjoyed this trek very much. We think what gave our experience that extra special was our trekking team we went with. Being learner trekker we felt that it was essential to go with a guide being our first time in Nepal. We chose Luxury Holidays Nepal after many emails back and forth with company’s owner Shishir. The attention to detail and local knowledge we gained from Shishir and his team was brilliant. We went to Gokyo Lakes and Everest Base Camp. The only very difficult point we found was going over to Cho La Pass. But, regardless of the difficult climb Cho La Pass we went was worth it and the view was breathtaking.
On our each and every day of trekking our guide took care of our accommodation at the guest houses, meals and anything else we wanted. Our guide and porters also looked out for our well being, monitoring for altitude sickness, which thankfully we didn’t suffer from. They ensured that we climbed slowly so we could adjust to the altitude.
Coming from Austria, we never had that experience of the absolute scale of the mountains. If any of you have this written down on your bucket list, then don’t waste any time in getting there, it is worth it. We very much enjoyed the country, but more importantly the Nepalese people, they really made our trip something special.
I am solo and budget travelers looking for mountain trek but I know it is not easy for me to find trekking company in Nepal. After internet research I found Luxury Holidays Nepal reliable and responsible trekking organizer in Nepal. The Luxury Holidays team was extremely polite in their responses and answered all my questions and concerns. After few emails I had finalized my trek with them.
The Luxury Holidays Nepal’s guide Bishal was very friendly and has a helpful attitude. He was helping us efficiently with very friendly manner. He was caring and patently listened our questions and answer with a big smile.
My trek to Gokyo and Everest Base Camp Trek was so lovely Luxury Holidays Nepal and Bishal, our outstanding guidea and porters, made the trip enjoyable and easy. We didn’t need to worry about a thing and the communication with Luxury Holidays Nepal was great. I would highly recommend Luxury Holidays Nepal for any and all future treks!Published: Wednesday, September 13, 2017
My son and I did a trek up the Gokyo Valley and then crossed the Chola Pass before returning via the EBC trail. Out trip was amazing. A never to be forgotten 14 days. Ram the trip organizer was excellent and flexible in helping us organizing all the fine details and he responded as soon as we had queries. When we arrived in Kathmandu everything was organized as promised and we met our excellent guide and porter. Our guide Rajendra is very experienced and did everything he could to make out trek do-able and memorable. He knew just how fast to take us and we ended up doing all we set out to do with his guidance. He kept us happy with his stories and jokes and taught us heaps about the Nepalese culture. Acclimatization program was great and so the effects of high altitude were minimal. We managed to climb up Gokyo Ri under a full moon and see the sun rise behind Everest. Magic! Rajendra was very calm and showed us how to conserve energy and make the climb as easy as possible. The accommodation that was organized along the way was great and Rajendra was able to help us when we felt challenged and in need of rest or energy. Our porter was great and did a brilliant job. It was nice to learn about correct treatment of porters at the Macherma rescue center and good to know that Luxury Holidays Nepal treats their workers well.
So it was a brilliant trek and would recommend Luxury Holidays Nepal to organize your trek. The Gokyo valley is particularly beautiful and well worth considering as an alternative to EBC.
Visited January 2016Published: Wednesday, January 6, 2016
The Everest base camp trip is a fairly challenging journey. It is moderately long trekking which goes into the country's most elevated Mountain. So travelers require more energy and the trip is actually tiring which includes 5-8 hrs. (approx.) of walking per day on the rocky edges. It doesn't require previous experience, but you must be physically healthy and better if you do regular exercise. If you love walking at high altitude, then this trip is for you.
Food on the way (Journey):
Your breakfast included in Kathmandu and all meals during trekking. Travelers take their breakfast and dinner at the tea house where they stay and lunch is taken during the trail in the local lodge.
Luxury Holidays Nepal provides you 4 stars hotels in Kathmandu and Guesthouse/Lodge throughout the journey. Teahouse and lodge have the rooms with just the basics, normally with a bed, blanket and pillows. Some rooms have the electric lighting system and every teahouse/lodge has a capacious dining room and lounge. We will provide you and your group at the lodge which is locally available every day (In some places rooms cannot be booked in advance). If you want the luxury accommodation of 5 star in Kathmandu then contact us for cost detail.
Transportation on Journey:
Luxury Holidays Nepal will offer you private luxury vehicle for airport transferal, sightseeing tour and flight from Kathmandu-Lukla-Kathmandu.
Throughout the trip of Mountain Trekking, your luggage is carried and moved by the porters. You should carry the water bottle, sunscreen, camera, spare jacket, etc. Your main luggage will be your trekking bag and you can carry a small lockable bag which will provide safety. You are provided with a free locker room in the hotel of Kathmandu. The weight allowance in domestic airlines of Nepal is up to 15kg and for more weight you have to pay US$1 per/kg depending on the area.
Group Leader during the journey:
Luxury Holidays Nepal will facilitate you with the trained traveling guide in your group. There will be a single porter for a couple of people.
Payment of the Due Balance:
The rest amount of your trip can be paid in our office after your arrival or via online payment before your arrival in Nepal (Online payment). If you choose to settle your holiday balance by credit card a handling charge of 4% on the outstanding balance is made. There is no handling charge for payment by bank transfer.
If you have purchased a voucher for the tour, please inform us which tour date suits you as soon as you are certain. We need time to purchase your domestic air ticket and make other arrangements so please confirm your spot on a tour at least 2 months prior to the commencement of the tour. Your booking on a particular tour date is subject to availability of spots. Also, please send us your redemption code and voucher number through this link (Voucher Redemption).
You can get a visa in Kathmandu airport upon arrival for $25 USD (or equivalent in other major currencies) for a 15 days visa or $40 USD for a 30 days visa. Please bring 2 photos for the visa. Expect to have some waiting time in the queue for obtaining your visa. You can also get your visa prior to coming on the tour by contacting your closest Nepali embassy. (Nepal Visa Info)
Booking your international flight:
If you don't have a regular travel agent then you can check for international flight options at one of these sites.
makemytrip.com, www.kayak.com, www.vayama.com
They usually have good offers.
For more details: (See the international flights page)
When and where should you arrive?
Please book your international flight to arrive and depart from Kathmandu international airport. The tour starts with an orientation meeting at about 5 pm on the first night of the tour and ends on after the scheduled trip after the breakfast.
You will be received outside the Kathmandu international airport terminal by representatives holding a "Luxury Holidays Nepal" sign card and he will escort you to the Hotel.
If you plan to arrive early or depart late, please make sure you make extra hotel arrangements by contacting at firstname.lastname@example.org
After you purchase your international air ticket, please contact us to give your flight details.
Currencies accepted in Nepal:
Some major currencies (USD, AUD, and EURO) are accepted for both VISA and in general. There are plenty of ATM's in Kathmandu and credit cards are accepted in limited shops and many restaurants. Please note that only Nepali rupees are accepted on the trek.
We advise you to visit your doctor at least 60 days earlier before beginning your journey to Everest Base Camp. Altitude sickness (AMS) is the main health issue. You may feel mild altitude sickness like nausea, lethargy, and headache but they will get less in a couple of days or. To be protected from (AMS) you can take Diamox pills or you can consult the doctor and use medicine as referred and purchase them from Kathmandu. For Your information, your traveling guide will also have pills for (AMS) and other basic medicine, but we suggest you carry your own medicine. We recommend you to take pills for diarrhea, cold, fever and nausea.
We do not hope that there may arise any serious problem for you in your journey, but if you get caught by serious illness, then we will do our best to take you to the nearest hospital possible. But you will be responsible for all the expenses that take place in the evacuation process. So, it is good for you to have insurance which will cover your cost. Be Insured. (See the travel insurance page)
Trip Extensions/ Add on trips:
If you like our service and you want to extend your trip, then we can further organize your trip to India, Bhutan and Tibet. And other trekking and activities of Nepal like Annapurna trek, Langtang Trek, Manaslu Trek, Bunjee Jumping, Rafting, Peak Climbing, Tours, etc.
A general rule of thumb for tipping is to USD 40 to USD 70 per Traveler, depending on the length of the trek. Porters do appreciate a personal tip, although it is not uncommon for the Guide and his Porters to pool the tips they have collected before splitting it amongst themselves, with the Guide is getting a little more for overseeing the welfare and safety of both the Travelers and Porters as a whole. That said, this is just a guide and you may tip however much you think is appropriate for the services rendered which made your trip a memorable one.
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1. Please note that often the Kathmandu-Lukla-Kathmandu flight gets delayed by a few hours or may even be canceled for one, two, or more days due to unfavorable weather conditions. Such conditions may arise even in the best seasons. Hence, in such cases, you must be prepared for long waits either at Kathmandu or Lukla airports, as this can happen either at the start or end of the trek or even both! We will do our best to avoid such delays, and arrange the next flight for you. We also organize Helicopter rescue in such conditions, if it is available and upon request by our clients. The helicopter charges around USD 3500 and it can lift 4-5 persons per flight. Still, we suggest you to be prepared for possible delays/cancellations, and if possible to come with some extra days (1-2 days) at the end of the trip to accommodate such delays. If everything runs smoothly and you still have extra days then you may even engage yourself in optional activities which can be arranged by Luxury Holidays Nepal upon request. The optional activities may include visiting places/landmarks of your choice, adventure sports, shopping, etc.
In case the flight delay/cancellation happens at the start of the trip and it goes so long that it disturbs your onward travel schedule, you are free to choose an alternative trip such as a trek in the Annapurna, Langtang, or any other region. If you are not interested in the alternative trip and would rather wait for your original preferred trip, you are welcome to wait in Kathmandu for as many days as it takes to get a flight to Lukla. However, please note that there will be no refund if you lose time waiting at the airport and do not take an alternative tour or you only do a short trek later due to time limitation. If the cancellation happens before the trip, we will provide you accommodation and lunch in a guesthouse in Kathmandu. In case of the flight delay/cancellation after finishing of the trek, you will be responsible for all your expenses. Please also note that you will not be entitled to any refund for the services (such as hotel, transportation, flight, etc.) included in the package that you would not use later.
2. During the trip; weather, local politics, transport or other factors, which are beyond our control can result in a change of itinerary. It is however very unlikely that the itinerary would be substantially altered. If alterations are necessary the leader will decide what the best alternative is taking into consideration the best interests of the whole group. Where a change does occur, we do everything we can to minimize its effect.