Mount Everest, Sagarmatha, and Chomolungma all are the names of one gigantic peak, the tallest peak in the world standing at an astounding elevation of 8848.86m. The mountain resides in the heart of the Greater Himalayan range, extending over 2300km. The mountain shares the border between Tibet and Nepal where the expedition is done from the Nepal side. To be precise the south face of Everest lies in Nepal whereas the Northern face lies in Tibet, The Autonomous Region of China.
How was Mt. Everest's height discovered?
In the early 1700s, China was mapping its total area of the country when they named today’s “Mt.Everest” and “Mt. Qomolangma”. This was the first survey done on Mt.Everest. Then the British Indian government in 1856 measured Everest by the Great Trigonometric Survey and was named “Peak XV” and the elevation was found around 8840m. The name was done in memory of “Sir George Everest” who was the lead surveyor in the Trigonometry Survey of “Peak XV” as of back then. In the 1900s many surveys were carried out and the elevation was found to be “8848 m” it was considered the final output of the height measurement of Mt.Everest, however, after the devastating earthquake in 2015, it was believed that the height of Everest could have been risen or changed. The government of Nepal led the survey under the lead of Er. Khim Lal Gautam in 2019 and concluded the new height of Mt.Everest as “8848.86m”
After the 1920's Everest Expedition was opened for mountain climbers however many tried but none of them succeeded until 1953 when Sir Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa climbed Mt.Everest for the very first time successfully. The expedition is probably the most important Everest Expedition in history, since then every kind of person of tried to climb the summit and has been successful, however, Everest is not a joke and many people have lost their lives trying to climb the summit of their dreams, but with proper guidance and preparation, there is no such thing that can stop you from climbing the highest peak in the world. To today date, more than 6000 climbers have made it to the summit of Mt.Everest, it's not that far away when you will be adding your name to that list of climbers who have successfully made it to Everest.
What should Climbers do?
Mt. The Everest expedition has changed dramatically since the early periods of the expedition. The gears and equipment that are used are by far the most technically advanced, these changes have made climbing Mt.Everest quite easy as compared to the previous generation However these are only the things that make you comfortable enough to climb a peak, the real question behind it is are you physically and mentally stable enough to sustain those long periods of time for submitting a peak at once. That is why climbers thinking of climbing Mt, Everest is highly suggested to get engaged in a physical fitness program at least a year before the expedition. This period of time will define your physical and mental state, that is how you can judge yourself to which peak you can sustain easily. Aero-based activities such as running, jumping, and climbing are highly encouraged to follow. These types of activities will allow your body to grasp a high concentration of oxygen which is a must-needed ability for you to take oxygen in those altitudes where the concentration of oxygen decreases one-fifth from the lower elevation. Although you will be guided with oxygen and other safety equipment all the time by a mountain guide of yours provided by LHN, it's said that “prevention is better than cure”, it's making sure you save your oxygen when you will need it the most.
Best time to climb Mount Everest
The calmer period of time to climb Mt.Everest is the time between April and June. During this period of time, the weather is clearer and more visible. During this period of time, the biodiversity of the Everest region comes to life, it's when nature glows up. The dense forest around the region is colorful, waking down those trails during such a period of time is a moment of experience. Although said as “climbing window” the weather is very unpredictable in the mountains, the clouds may form all of a sudden with thick dense fog or any kind of change can be expected but from previous experiences of climbing in Mt. Everest, it's considered as the best period of time. The time is considerably warmer than winter and most of the expeditions are likely to take place during this period of time.
Route to Everest Top
The route to Everest is generally taken from South Col where you'll be spending most of the time in Everest Base Camp at first acclimating your body for those high altitudes. The weather in Everest base camp remains calm and steady during all of your stays. You can have amazing views of Pumori, Nuptse, Khumbu Icefall often you'll be greeted with snowfalls.
After EBC you’ll be heading towards Camp 1 at 5900m crossing Khumbu Icefall which is constantly moving and the stay of camp 1 won’t belong it's done to acclimate your body and eventually returning to EBC.
The second stay after camp 1 would be camp 2 at an elevation of 6400m right in front of Lhotse. This camp is specially set up to stay and hold climbing gears and equipment, this majorly acts as a support for camp 3.
Camp 3 standing at an elevation of 7100m is the backbone for the summit, this area is when you’ll be tested against altitude sickness, its when your preparation takes into action whether you’ll be able to acclimatize to those conditions or not, even you are not able to acclimatize at once you’ll be heading back to EBC to acclimatize again. You’ll be spending only two nights before the summit.
South Col: Standing at the elevation of 8000m standing right in front of Lhotse is the last camp for climbers. These camps are set up through fixed rope and most climbers successfully summit from here passing through Hilary step in south cole.
Highlights of the Mount Everest Expedition
UNESCO world heritage sites
The expedition starts by exploring some of the world's UNESCO heritage sites in Kathmandu valley that including Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan Dubar Square, Boudhanath, Pashupatinath and Changunarayan Temple. These places are unique and filled with history, these monuments have been there for decades and decades that is a unique experience to observe all of these wonders under one valley. Alongside Kathmandu valley world's UNESCO heritage site the tallest peak in the world also comes under the UNESCO heritage site Sagarmatha national park. The conserved national park is flourishing with diverse flora and fauna and in the April-June season nature changes its colour and becomes bright and beautiful at this period of time.
Mt.Everest and other eight-thousanders
Alongside Mt.Everest, you will be having panoramic views of other eight-thousanders sitting alongside on the range of a couple of miles. These mountains are just as stunning as Everest and differ by only a couple hundred meters and it is as difficult as Eversr to submit them. Some of the astounding 8000m peaks sitting alongside Mt.Everest are Mt.Lhotse(8,516 m), Mt.Cho Oyu(8,201 ), Mt. Makalu (8,485 meters) and many other peaks that range above 6000 meters.
Himalayan life and settlement
During the expedition period, you will be passing through amazing Sherpa village settlements where you will be greeted with warm hospitality. These Himalayan lifestyles are hard to maintain, requiring lots of hard work and dedication to stay at those elevations. You'll be getting to know closely about the life and survival done in those Himalayas. These amazing village settlements are eye-catching as they share a similar pattern of housing and culture, if you like to experience those village lifestyles LHN will provide you with an opportunity to reside in those villages for some time as you prefer.
More Highlights of Mt.Everest Expiration
- Everest Base Camp journey
- Customary Sherpa towns, culture, customs and cordiality:
- Sagarmatha National Park:
- Namche Bazaar-the Sherpa's Capital
- Hillary Museum
- Gokyo Lakes and Gokyo RI:
- Nepal's greatest Khumbu Glacier
- Tengboche Monastery:
- Kala Patthar-great perspective
For the complete guide on peak climbing and expedition in Nepal, please click here.
If you are looking for similar trips in the Everest region, we also offer Manaslu Expedition (8,163 m), Lhotse Expedition (8,516 m), Kanchenjunga Expedition (8,586 m), Dhaulagiri Expedition (8,167 m), and many more.
If you need any further information, please contact us.